1st reason

We can recite well, and therefore teach you, we are able to attract and expand your horizons, try to connect theory with practice. We Erasmus and support you, if you want to go abroad.

2nd reason

We are located in the city center, recite also in English, we are a multicultural college. Unites generations, we are responsive to their students-clients and their individual needs. We respect that each of us is unique.

3rd reason

We unite graduates VŠKE and organize for them extra lectures, and in support of student life (day zero, dating party, Christmas party, ball VŠKE, graduation party, boating water) we want to be with students and graduates are still in touch.

4th reason

In the study may be obtained free of internationally valid certificate "Cisco Academy"

5th reason

In this course "special firearms training" you can get a gun license.

6th reason

Without entrance exams - is only motivational interviewing



Journal of Law and Security 2-2016



Bolesław Banaszkiewicz

Page 7

The author deals with the current constitutional crisis regarding the Constitutional court in Poland. The crisis is determined by two activisms which are in conflict – the democratic one and the judicial one. The contribution is mainly focused on a detailed analysis of this conflict. At the end of the contribution the author suggests his own solution how to replace the current technocratic model by a democratic one. The democratic model would promote the accountability of the law-making body for the enacted laws as well as the public interest in complying with the constitution.




Ivan Halász

Page 42

After an economic and social transformation which Hungary underwent after the fall of the communist regime, it also began to establish guarantees of an independent justice system. This trend is also reflected in the wording of the democratic Constitution which came into effect on 1st January 2012. The contribution is focused on changes in judiciary which the new Constitution has brought. The author points out that the new Constitution has determined many changes concerning not only the judicial system but also the manner how all the state bodies shall function.




Miloslav Kala

Page 50

The Article is composed in the form of polemics with opinions of two leading constitutional experts Aleš Gerloch and Jan Tryzna as they were published in legal journal Správní právo No. 5/2014 under the heading “On position of Supreme Audit Office of the Czech Republic within the organisation of state authorities and on change of its competencies”. The polemics is focused on two arguments discussed and disputed by these experts. In first argument they express doubts about SAOs competence to draw attention to its findings by “only” reporting them to the Government and the Parliament and not prosecute breaches of regulation in public sector itself. In second one the experts criticise the legislative proposal to extend SAOs audit powers on regional self-governing entities and private law enterprises with public share because it would allegedly endanger their proprietary autonomy and other constitutional rights. Both arguments are elaborated in depth in most of the Article being analysed from various points of view and compared to situation in other EU countries. The conclusion of this analysis differs from mentioned expert findings. The final section of the Article is dedicated to “de lege ferenda” recommendations expressed by the experts in Správní právo journal and concludes that there is no need to modify the constitutional nature of SAO to other types of audit institutions like e.g. court-like institutions. Instead, the time has come to create well thought out and interlinked public system of control influenced by development in similar type of foreign public audit institutions.




Zdeněk Koudelka

Page 62

This article copes with circumstances of issuing the recent judgment of the Constitutional Court which deals with competencies of court and public prosecution in the pre-trial stage of criminal procedure. The author also mentions and analyses other particular cases dealt by the Constitutional court which preceded the Constitutional Court judgment No. Pl. ÚS 4/2014 and where the right to a lawful judge was at stake as well. The article also focuses on other aspects of constitutional right to a lawful judge, which is an essential element of exercising justice and judicial power in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.



Renata Vesecká

Page 91

In a broad sense, the purpose of the criminal proceedings is a fair trial. The existence of a proper process which is in accordance with the Constitution is an essential prerequisite for existence of the democracy and the Rule of Law. The Right to a Fair trial is regulated by Law in Art. 90 of the Constitution, Art. 36, 37, 38 and 40 in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. This Right is not constitutionally defined but inferred from the wording of the Constitution and the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms (as is shown from Art. 8 paragraph. 2 of the Charter). The precise terms of the concept of the Right to a Fair trial is defined by established case law of the Constitutional Court and the European Court of Human Rights. Sub components of a the Rights to a Fair trial constitute the contents of the principles of criminal proceedings. In my contribution I would like to point out the legislations that raise doubts about compliance with the concept of a fair trial.




Jiří Kmec

Page 101

The aim of this contribution is to provide a brief overview of the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights concerning criminal proceedings issues in the Czech Republic. It focuses mainly on the critique contained in the judgments of this international court against the Czech Republic, but it mentions also the cases where no violation of the European Convention on Human Rights had been found and attracts the reader’s attention to several cases still pending in Strasbourg.




Josef Šíp

Page 109

The aim of the paper is to describe how in the presence the compliance with the right for a fair judge is assessed when concerning the associates. To fulfil this aim, in the text I will present several legal opinions of the Constitutional Court which it declared within the proceedings of the constitutional complaints whose main core was an observation of the violation of the right for a fair judge which also included the right for a fair associate. The text of the paper will be divided into four chapters. First, I define the right for a fair judge as is established in our law. Then, I will discuss a topic of associates, their definition and how the right for a fair judge is presented in case of their appointment instead of the members of the court senate. In the third part I will deal with a current case file no. II. ÚS 2430/15 which, in my opinion, will determine a character of the assessment of the law for a fair trial during assigning of the associates in the other cases. At the end of my paper, I want to focus on the consequences of the accepted decision in the future.




Zdeněk Koudelka

 Page 119

The aim of the contribution is to argue with the recent judgment of the Constitutional court (II. ÚS 2430/15) which according to the author relativizes the right to a fair judge because it does not relate the criteria set up for judges to associates. The contribution also focuses on another recent judgment of the Constitutional court (III. ÚS 3383/14) where the dissent opinion of the judge Radovan Suchánek is highlighted because this opinion expresses a different standpoint to this issue. This dissent opinion considers the guarantees specified for judges shall strictly be applied to the associates as well.




Zdeněk Jemelík

Page 132

The author is a longtime member of a fellowship called „Spolek Šalamoun“ which deals with cases where somebody was harmed by the state bodies: an innocent person was convicted or an inadequate punishment was imposed. The author notes several cases which the Spolek Šalamoun deals with and points out injustice which was inflicted to the clients of the Spolek Šalamoun by the state bodies in the framework of a criminal procedure.




Zdeněk Dufek

Page 138

The article describes the current state of expert profession within the Czech Republic and discusses the role of experts in the framework of a fair trial. The analysis of the historical development of the remuneration of experts is made and a comparison is made with remuneration for the work of other professions involved in the process of securing justice. A calculation of the appropriate remuneration of expert is made. The article also addresses the issue of tort liability of experts.




Tomáš Strémy, Natália Hangáčová

Page 145

In this article authors focus on elaboration of the idea of the single European VAT area and are pointing out on defects of current system, particularly on tax frauds connected with VAT payments. In the introduction they elaborated Action plan of the European Commission, which was approved in April 2016 and are pointing out on differences between really collected VAT in the EU Member states and VAT which is expected to be collected if the current system do not have defaults which enable existence of some basic tax frauds. Moreover, they studied functioning rules of currently applicable VAT system and are identifying differences between newly drafted single European VAT area. Consequently they are focusing on two basic proposals of the European Commission on the way to single VAT system in EU. Additionally, authors are explaining four most common tax frauds, respectively VAT frauds. At the closure authors present summary of benefits of the single European VAT area, its aims and presumed outcomes.



Monika Škrovánková

Page 154

The contribution of the author deals with the topic of presumption of innocence in Slovak criminal law. The author states the sources of law in Slovak legislation which include the principle of presumption of innocence. The first chapter further analyses the principle of presumption of innocence in Slovak law, by analyzing its content and nature, the procedural rules stemming from this principle and also its history. In the second chapter and in the conclusion the author analyses the principle of presumption of innocence from the point of view of its applicability in practice in the means of Slovak Republic.




Andrea Pelikánová Schelle

Page 173

This article is intended to be a reflection on the application of the law and institute of interpretation of legal norms in the context of justice. The subject of my paper is to highlight some of the issues in the context of interpretation of legal norms and perception of application of law by professionals, as well as the public. My motivation for writing this paper was the broader legal environment that changes constantly within time and thus its interpretation and application of the legislation itself. The question of justice is not only a matter of law but it must be considered from several aspects, especially in the context of the application of the law. I hope that this brief reflection will be interesting not only for fellow lawyers, but also for the wider public.

Journal of Law and Security 1-2016



Miroslav Foret

Page 7

The article is devoted to the link between projects Communicating Town and Partnership for local development. The idea of local development issues from experiences and results obtained in previous international project Communicating Town in the first half of the 90´s.  One of its general conclusions describes local development as a partnership and a communication among three main participants – the local publics (citizens/ inhabitants, civic initiatives, politicians, journalists), the entrepreneurs and the public administration. Especially the relationship between the local publics and the entrepreneurs is full of conflicts. Both sides have very often different ideas about local development. The local publics think about pleasant life (with such values like nature, quiet, cleanness). But the entrepreneurs are thinking first of all about their economic goals (like profit). Therefore the public administration has the task to solve these conflicts and to find a compromise solution. In the case of the local tourism we should include other stakeholder group – visitors (tourists).




Rudolf Horák, Lenka Danielová

Page 15

The article discusses the strategy of safety in the European Union. It is described in the article in terms of the general, but there are also described the specific objectives of the European Union, and the main tasks leading to their fulfilment. It is expected that the European Union will defend its values, live interests, security, independence and integrity. It will also consolidate and support democracy, human rights, rule of law and principles of international law. It also aims to strengthen international security, including the protection of its external borders. This is necessary to create and prepare the armed forces of the European Union. Their specific responsibilities will be directed towards internal security and protection of external borders.


Appointment of the Government in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia


Zdeněk Koudelka

Page 31

The article deals with the appointment of the government. It discusses the possibility of the president being able to reject the proposals from the prime minister on the appointment of the minister. It also deals with the status of the government without the confidence of a Chamber of Deputies. The conclusion is that the determining factor over the appointment of the government on who can appoint the prime minister is the president. The president also has the power to reject the proposals of the prime minister on the appointment of a minister.




Jiří Kroupa

Page 49

Conception democracy is the centre of the focus political theory and practice. Belongs toindeed to many significant conceptions, how about it witnesses much adjectivization, with which is this conception cursive. Alongside it however exist and various avenues of approach hereto conceive, drafts and mock-up. These avenues of approach join democracy with her feature, e.g. with human rights or separation of powers. Drafts exist essentially two. Of competition (emulous), when representation focuses realize political parties through election, and corporative, based on special interest groups. Frame fecit A. Lijphart – consocianotial and majoritarian, later and consensual. To K. W. Deutsch then to delimitation democracy redounded its test relevancy democracy.




Petr Průcha

Page 57

The paper deals with the sight of a corrective and supervisory resources in the existing mode of administrative procedure in the Czech Republic, on the occasion of 10 years from the acquisition of its effectiveness to date of 1.1. 2006.

Both briefly points out the basic differences, adjustments to these funds from their previous edits, from 1967, and, in particular, presents the practical manifestations of the application of these resources in the meaning of their application in public practice.

Emphasis is laid on the approximation interpretation and application of legislation of the relevant institutes and funds in connection with the presentation of selected, and at the same time the representative or steady interpretative views of the Czech administrative justice to these institutes, and it is through the prism of the past period of time.


„The electronic bracelets“ for a person in custody can strengthen the principle of presumption of innocence


Renata Vesecká

Page 75

The aim of the article is the legal analysis of a Criminal custody as a tool which an accused person in the criminal procedure is provided for the purposes of criminal proceedings. The Criminal code defines exhaustively the reasons for Criminal custody and under certain conditions when the accused persons may limit their freedom for the purposes of criminal proceedings. It is undisputed that the Criminal custody represents a significant interference with the fundamental rights of the accused person in the criminal procedure, particularly the right to freedom of movement under Article. 8, paragraph. 1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. Staying the accused person in the criminal procedure  in a Criminal custody affects the position of the accused person in the criminal procedure as a subject of criminal proceedings and the exercise of his further rights. The introduction of electronic monitoring as well as for the accused persons in the criminal procedure in the Criminal custody can emphasise some principles significantly as a guiding ideas valid for the Criminal proceedings, for example the principle of  presumption of innocence.




Sergey F. Udartsev

Page 85

The principal conditions which cause the necessity to conduct constitutional reforms have been considered. The attention was paid to its reasons and factors that influence on its carrying out, political and economic processes progressing in the society, and accumulating contradictions. The author considers the constitutional reform as one of the means relating to the regulation of public processes in order to ensure the historical adaptation of the legislative system and the state to new conditions, crisis management as well as sustainable development and public agreement.  

Journal of Law and Security 2-2015

This year's marketing research Brno in the framework of the project Partnership for Local Development


Miroslav Foret

Page 7

The paper presents some practical results and marketing research methodology recommendations from the latest marketing research conducted in Brno in March 2015. The representative marketing research was repeated exactly a year after. The comparison among results shows some differences and similarities as well.



Stalin, Truman and Churchill in Cold War times


Vladimir Sergejevič Belych

Page 21

The author analyzes the reasons for decisions leading players during the Cold War – Stalin, Truman and Churchill. Although fell ideological reasons division of the world, stereotypes still persist behavior of political representation USA, which were typical of the Cold War. The author analyzes the causes of this situation, and based on its analysis concludes that the geopolitical interests of Russia today and how they should currently focus its foreign policy.


President of Czech Republic and State Honors


Zdeněk Koudelka

Page 31

The text deals with the right of the President to award state honors. It discusses the interaction with the Prime Minister in the form of countersignature and also mutual disputes. It mentions the practice of special acts on the merits of certain persons which finds unconstitutional and infringing the exclusive constitutional right of the President to award state honors.


Typology of private law principles


Filip Rigel

Page 37

The work deals with certain aspects of Dworkin´s, Alexy´s, Hart´s, Fuller´s and Kelsen´s theories that are concerned with the importace of principles. The main functions of principles are their role in legislation and adjudication. Author tried to reject the notion of law composed only of legal norms. The legal system is not – in my opinion – composed only of legal norms but also other standards – principles, values, aims, customs, policies et cetera. Legal system is open towards the processes of completing the law by the courts and legal principles can (and must) be operated as argument in the processes of completing law especially in so-called hard cases. Legal principle can also help judge to overbridge so-called gaps in the statutes and in law and to find the best possible solution in a concrete case.


Trades in the Czech and Slovak Republic


Alexandra Marcinová, Radek Jurčík

Page 43

This article deals with trade business in Slovakia and the Czech Republic, the general conditions, types, obstacles, advantages and disadvantages arising from the economic, administrative, fiscal and other demands. Given that for most businesses tax optimization is an important aspect and the practical part I used a variable representing the total taxes in Slovakia and Czech Republic, which is recorded by the World Bank (World Bank Group) is often closed the chapter on comparation tax system based on joint the tax system from the time of Czechoslovakia and the tax burden (tax burden) in both countries as measured by international databases – Eurostat and OECD.


Public Law - Why foreigner shall not be a member of a Czech political party?


Petr Kolman

Page 57

The text of the article is somewhere between constitutional and administrative law and deals with the right of foreigners to be members of political parties. Critically evaluate positively the existing legislation, which at the law excludes foreigners membership in political parties. By this membership it deems possible and appropriate for foreigners with permanent residence in the Czech Republic, especially for citizens of other European Union countries, who may even in our vote in local and European elections.

Journal of Law and Security 1-2015

Criminal liability of legal persons: Czech−Austrian comparison of selected issues


Alena Kristková

Page 7

This contribution deals with the issue of criminal liability of legal entities and is focused on a Czech−Austrian comparison of selected institutes. The Austrian regulation is a little bit older than the Czech one and its concept of criminal liability seems to be a little bit narrower than the Czech one. Because of this the Czech regulation could be of broader use in some aspects. But at the same time both regulations are quite young and unfortunately in both criminal systems the institute of criminal liability of legal entities is used scarcely.


The constitutional development in Central Europe and socio−political transformation after year 1989


Ivan Halász

Page 25

The article analyzes the evolution of the constitutional order in Central Europe from the period before 1918 to the present for a period after 1989. According to the article ran compromise between outgoing old and incoming new elites and in the process mingle request "return to developed Europe," in an effort to achieve respect own national identity. Last constitution in this area was a Hungarian Basic Law of 2011, which was due to disappointment at the failure of so-called post-communist period transition looking for inspiration and paradoxically even further in the past than the constitutional text of 1989.




Rudolf Horák

Page 49

The article discusses about radioactivity and its effects on the human organism. Natural exposure of persons is caused by two different sources, i.e. natural radio nuclides and cosmic rays incident on the earth from space. Further exposure of the population is due to artificial radioactivity. The article mentions the possibility of protecting the population and demands on their behavior. The article is also aimed at protecting the environment and people in the surroundings of nuclear power plants. It is a demand to provide information on sources of ionizing radiation. In conclusion, there are limit dose of radiation in mSv and examples hitting by radioactivity.

Claims behind former State Enterprises and the State Guarantee


Zdeněk Koudelka

Page 71

The text deals with state guarantee for the liabilities incurred by legitimate guarantee during privatisation of former state enterprises. The text closes that in case of claims ceded on state, where state became a creditor, this guarantee died by fusion of creditor and guarantee in person of state. This died guarantee can´t be updated even if state as a creditor cedes subsequently such claims on another person.




Michal Rigel

Page 79

Purpose of the paper is to draw attention to the culturally diverse views on issues concerning Just War Theory. There is particular focus on legal concept of jus in bello, i.e.  restrictions and limits of acceptable wartime conduct, as it could be find in the origin of Confucianism. The main objective is to outline the distinctive Confucian concept of the meaning of the Just War and confront it with selected provisions of one of the primary sources of international humanitarian law – the Geneva Conventions. The essence of the document is to humanize the war and to mitigate its consequences. On the basis of findings presented in the text, it might be claimed that there is a background for certain degree of restraints towards method of warfare in the origin of Confucian thought.


The Spoon from King's Philip II of Macedon Wine-set and the Burial of the Golden Man of Issyk: Scythian-Greek interaction


Sergej Vasilevič, Naděžda Ilinična Miljutenková

Page 101

The authors give their own version of the Scythian-Greek interaction on the basis of the data got from the excavations of the Scythian burial mounds Chertomlyk, Issyk, Hohlach and tomb of King Philip II of Macedon and prove that Scythian-Greek interaction was much deeper and more intensive, and the geography of these relations widespread to thousands of kilometers to the depth of Central Asia.

Journal of Law and Security 2-2014

Ústavněprávní diskontinuita při přechodu od Druhé republiky k Lidovému Polsku


Bolesław Banaszkiewicz

Page 7

Unlike Czechoslovakia, the Polish Communists did not act within the existing state system based on a constitutional continuity at the end of World War II. They took over power by a radical denial of legitimacy of the London Polish government-in-exile (state president and cabinet) and their subordinate structures in the country. With this in mind, the Communists declared the 1935 Constitution, from which the government-in-exile had been deriving their authority, for null and void ex tunc. The new state system, called the People’s Poland, was istalled by violence directly upon the arrival of the Red Army and the NKVD as an alternative to the independ Polish state existing since 1918, called the Second Republic. The Western great powers were unable to enforce observance of minimum guarantees to instituting a freely elected government in Poland given by the Big Three as a result of the Yalta Conference 1945. For these reasons, the dramatic transition from the Second Republic to the People’s Poland was marked by breach of constitutional continuity, although the Communists selectively drew upon pre-war constitutional traditions in order to give their seizure of power the appearance of legality.


Decline of the West

(in the wake of the book of Spengler)


Vladimir Sergejevič Belych

Page 23

The article discusses the current philosophical ideals and political priorities in modern Russian society.                                                                                   


Public Administration of Health Care – a note about legal aspects concerning the merger of two of City Hospitals


Petr Kolman

Page 45

The present article deals with the question of merging two governmental organizations in Brno:  Charity Hospital and Trauma Hospital in Brno. The main research question is addressed by merging hospitals cited in relation to the law 485/2008. It is a very interesting topic, its significance beyond the boundaries of the city of Brno. A certain strangeness to the topic stems from the existence of a special law 485/2008. The author of this article is to adopt such ad hoc laws, as well as major public doctrine becomes very demurely. What would inherently be solved by individual administrative acts should not deal with normative administrative acts, be it applying entity (here the Czech legislature) passed with good intentions.




Filip Rigel

Page 51

Ghana is a presidential republic, where the president is both head of state and head of the Cabinet. The Constitution establishes the system of so-called checks and balances which means that the state power is shared between a President, a unicameral Parliament and an independent judiciary. The paper deals with the constitutional framework of executive power and armed forces in Ghana.




Zdeněk Koudelka

Page 63

The text deals with institute of amnesty with a respect to the amnesty of 1 January 2013. Amnesty is analysed in terms of constitutional and criminal law.                  

Journal of Law and Security 1-2014

Prevention of major industrial accidents in new perspective of the SEVESO III directive


Ján Kandráč, Katarína Hollá

Page 5

This article deals with the issue of major industrial accidents prevention and risk assessment performed in this process. Mentioned problems are related to European Seveso II Directive and changes which are going hand in hand with new implemented Seveso III Directive. To certain problems detected in this area project team form University of Žilina addressed some proposals with in project APVV 0043–10 Complex Model for Risk Assessment in industrial processes.


Public Contracts in the fields of security and defense


Radek Jurčík

Page 14

This article deals with collaborative defence procurement, including critically analyses subjects (agencies) performing defence procurement. In relation to defence procurement author analyses the political, economic and legal context of collaborative defence procurement in the EU and the applicability of EU law (procurement rules) and Czech procurement rule, focussing on opportunities for firms (enterprises). Further, author analyses international organisations and agencies in the field of defence procurement, like OCCAR, NAMSO and EDA. It means the Joint Organisation for Armaments Cooperation, the NATO Maintenance and Supply Organisation (NAMSO) and the European Defence Agency. There is topical theme relating some army controversial tenders in the Czech Republic. Recommendations towards to improve the applicable law are including also.


Supreme commander of Armed Forces


Zdeněk Koudelka

Page 30

The article deals with the president as the supreme commander of the armed forces and his right to appoint generals and Chief of Staff of the Army of the Czech Republic.


Selected Aspects of Protection against Inactivity in the Administrative Process


Petr Kolman

Page 39

The text is in the area of administrative law process. The present article deals with the topic of inactivity in the administrative process. The author addresses a number of current issues in this area. And also refers to the case law in this area. The text addresses issues related to the speed and efficiency of administrative proceedings in the Czech Republic.


Restrictions of independent candidacy in local elections


Filip Rigel

Page 48

Candidacy of the independents should be a very natural phenomenon in local elections. However, law of the Czech Republic builds a lot of obstacles to such candidacy. Electoral system prefers political parties and voters can not grant preferential votes. These and more limits are described in this paper.


Russia, the US and Europe in the global confrontation


Vladimir Sergejevič Belych

Page 55

According to the author the United States ignored the long-term interests and the role of Russia, which to this situation many years responded concessions possibly admiration. Gradually, however, that this openness to foreign interests of Russia brought only problems and difficulties. It was therefore forced to change its geopolitics, which the author documented examples of South Ossetia, Syria and Ukraine. Author within article analysis in detail the new priorities of the Russian Federation in solving global problems based on the concept of foreign policy formulated February 12, 2013 the President of Russia.